Gary Morseau's work to expand his community's access to healthy food began with his own heart attack at 36.
"It was genetics they said, but I know a lot of it was the unhealthy foods," he says. "I was eating frybread and a lot of oily foods. Food that just wasn't healthy."
Morseau, a member of the Tribal Council of the Pokagon Band
of Potawatomi in Southwest Michigan and Chairman of the tribe's Food Sovereignty Committee, says his own problems mirror larger issues in a Native American community that spreads out over several counties in Michigan around Dowagiac and Northern Indiana.
Poor diet, often created by a reliance on low-quality foods supplied by government agencies, has been linked
in native populations to high rates of diabetes and obesity.
This lead Morseau and others in his community to seek out help from the Intertribal Agriculture Council and their food truck
or mobile market. The truck enables trading between native peoples in the Great Lakes area, carrying items like white hominy corn, whitefish, wild rice, and maple syrup from different tribes. The goal is to facilitate economic interdependence between tribes, as well as encourage a better diet and promote gardening initiatives by supplying seeds and cultivation tools.
The Pokagon's use of a mobile market is part of a trend in communities to reduce the distance between people and quality food. Nonprofits are using mobile markets, food subscription boxes, and other distribution strategies in communities throughout Michigan. This reflects developments in the private sector like meal-kit boxes such as Blue Apron or food trucks that have become ubiquitous in urban centers.
The strategies employed are specific to the Michigan communities themselves, but they all pair a desire to increase food access in underserved communities with developing local food businesses and a sense of connectedness between citizens.
Connecting people to food, and people to people
"Basically, this initiative got started when the water crisis hit," says Cheryl McHallam, interim executive director for Flint Fresh
, a food delivery and mobile market service. Flint Fresh emerged from discussions between nonprofits and businesses in the Flint area that were looking to address the effects of lead contaminated water. Fresh produce can mitigate some of the effects
of lead contamination and is considered a partial solution for addressing the crisis.
Each week, Flint Fresh sets up mobile markets at a half-dozen to a dozen sites with food sourced from local growers. The organization also delivers meal boxes to residences using payments from SNAP and funding from various grants like those from the Valley Authority on Aging
, as well as cash.
Each week, Flint Fresh sets up mobile markets at a half-dozen to a dozen sites with food sourced from local growers.
Food delivery helps close the gap on the lack of places to buy fresh produce in the city. It's also a good way to provide much-needed nutritious food to the city's aging population.
"We've got a lot of homebound folks in Flint," Lisa Pasbjerg, market manager for Flint Fresh says. "And we've got a fair amount of people who it might be the only fresh food that they get this month or this week."
Checking in with the most vulnerable
Food delivery establishes a point of contact and builds relationships between isolated populations and the broader community, providing a means for regular check-ins with a vulnerable group of people.
"It's supportive emotionally," Pasbjerg says. "They get a visit from us every week or every couple of weeks or every month. We know them. We know a lot of these people so well that if someone doesn't order at a certain time we call them at home make sure they're ok ... It's become really personal for a lot of us."
When asked what the program's biggest challenge is, McHallam says, "To get it sustainable. We're hoping for a five-year sustainability on this. Right now, we do rely a lot on grants."
Finding the right mix of funding over the long term is a challenge for these programs, but so is finding the right mix of services and the best points of contact.
Mobile markets are just one piece of a larger effort to improve eating habits and build community.
Uclesha Ray, manager of Peaches & Greens
, a grocery store and mobile market in Detroit's North End that operates under Central Detroit Christian Community Development Corporation
, has done a lot of work to create a diverse market base and find the right places to sell. Ray uses the store van to take produce from Eastern Market and the store's community garden to at least five markets a week with periodic visits to senior centers and other institutions.
Ray goes to locations like Beacon Park in downtown Detroit where most customers are office workers who buy fruit and other snack foods with cash. She also goes to nearby Capitol Park, which is frequented by a number of senior citizens who pay with SNAP benefits.
By visiting different places, Ray is able to spread the program's message as well as diversify the client base, decreasing dependency on SNAP or other grant programs. This helps stabilize the bottom line for a nonprofit that has to accommodate year-to-year fluctuations in income from grants and government programs. Flint Fresh does something similar by selling to customers at places like General Motors and Hurley Medical Center, most of whom pay in cash.
Peaches & Greens works to develop a diverse client base.
Ray believes that a diverse client base helps with her mission as well, meeting people where they are, whether that's in an assisted living community or a park during a lunch break. "You get them where they are," she says. "People seem to eat more healthy if it's in their face versus them going to the store."
Boosting economic development through good food
For all of these organizations, mobile markets are just one piece of a larger effort to improve eating habits and build community.
Morseau and the Pokagon Band plan to build a store that sells native foods, providing quality food choices, while also creating a food destination for visitors. Flint Fresh is looking to start a food hub where produce from local farmers can be processed and distributed to wholesale buyers, as well as through their current programs, which could grow the number of people they employ.
Peaches & Greens is an initiative of Northend Christian Community Development Corporation.
As Pasbjerg sees it, this development is part of reimagining what a place like Flint can be, as the town changes and the region comes to terms with larger trends in the food economy brought on by an interest in eating locally and seasonally, as well as shifts in food availability brought on by climate change.
"Things are going to change a lot with the availability of food from other places," she says.
That's a situation that could make where we get our food and how we get it to our neighbors that much more important.
This story is part of “Michigan Good Food Stories” a series that explores access, equity, and sustainability in Michigan’s thriving food economy. This work is made possible by Michigan Good Food and is supported by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation.
Photos by Stephen Koss. Flint Fresh photos courtesy of Flint Fresh.